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Eye Diseases

Vision – the most important sense

We perceive up to 80% of all information from the outside world visually. Therefore, professional care, in any type of disease, is essential. The most common eye diseases include nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, amblyopia, presbyopia, cataracts, keratoconus, glaucoma and dry eye.



Myopia is a condition where the eye is longer than it should be and therefore the rays from the observed object are concentrated in front of the focal point, which creates a blurred image. Short-sighted people do not see into the distance very well and when looking, they try to focus, for example, by squinting.

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Hypermetropia is a condition where the eye is shorter than it should be and therefore the rays from the observed object are concentrated behind the focal point, which creates a blurred image. Far sighted people do not see near objects very well and therefore they step away from the observed object.

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Astigmatism is defined as the uneven curvature of the cornea, the transparent outer part of the eye. We can describe it as a small bulge on the surface of an otherwise smooth rubber ball. Blurred vision may also be caused by a deformed cornea, which should be evenly curved.

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Presbyopia is also defined as short arm syndrome. The most typical symptom is the distancing of text from the eyes and squinting, with the aim of improving one’s ability to read or observe objects at a so-called reading distance.

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Cataract is a disease linked to age. It affects the human lens, where the by-products of the metabolism build up. This causes changes in its transparency from clear to cloudy, brown and sometimes even white. Visual acuity is gradually worsened and may even reach the point of total blindness in the affected eye.

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Keratoconus belongs to the group of ectatic corneal diseases. It affects the cornea, the clear and transparent outer layer of the eye. The light rays enter the eye through this layer and its evenness and absolute transparency are very important. It usually affects both eyes.

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Amblyopia is a condition in which the anatomic development of the eye was correct but it does not function perfectly.

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Glaucoma is an eye disease, which is caused by high eye pressure and can cause even blindness, if it is not treated.

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Retina diseases

Retina is a very thin film inside of the eye and it works also as a film of the camera, producing pictures of objects a person observes.

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Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye syndrome usually belongs to the group of so-called ‘diseases of civilisation’. It is frequently seen in employees working for a long time in air conditioned or extremely over heated areas.

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